Protected species

In the 21st century environmental awareness is global. It is a question of conscience and what we are prepared to do about it. In diving, environment preservation refers not only to the dive itself, but also to activities before and after, to pre-dive preparations, access to the diving site, the dive itself, the cleaning of equipment. Ideally, after the dive no traces of human presence should be left behind. Today, more than ever, the fragile marine biotopes of the undersea world face extinction; the list of threatened and endangered marine species is growing, all the more reason for world governments, as well as Croatia, to adopt laws and prescribe fines in order to protect them.

MAMMALS Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus), common dolphin (Delphinus delphis) and all other species of whales (cetaceans) found in the Adriatic Sea, the common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)

REPTILES Loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea)

FISH Sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus), sandbar (Carcharhinus plumbeus), blue shark (Prionace glauca), smooth hammerhead shark (Sphyrinidae Sphyrna zygaena), tope, large houndshark (Galeorhinus galeus), sharpnose sevengill shark (Heptranchias perlo), cow shark, bluntnose sixgill shark (Hexanchus griseus), long-tailed thresher shark (Alopias vulpinus), basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus), great white shark (Carcharodon carcharias), sharp-nosed mackerel shark, shortfin mako shark (Isurus oxyrinchus), porbeagle, mackerel shark (Lamna nasus), spotted ragged-tooth shark, sand tiger shark (Carcharias taurus), smalltooth sand tiger shark , ragged-tooth shark (Odontapsis ferox), common, blue stingray (Dasyatis pastinaca), spiny butterfly ray, giant butterfly ray (Gymnura altavela), devil fish, giant devil ray (Mobula mobular), small tooth sawfish (Pristidae Pristis pectinata), common skate (Dipturus batis), longnosed skate (Dipturus oxyrinchus), guitarfish (Rhinobatos rhinobatos), the angular roughshark (Oxynotus centrina), monkfish, smoothback angel shark (Squatina oculata), monkfish, angel shark (Squatina squatina), Russian sturgeon (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii), Adriatic sturgeon (Acipenser naccarii), Atlantic sturgeon, fringebarbel sturgeon, European common sturgeon (Acipenser nudiventris sim, Acipenser sturio), beluga sturgeon (Huso huso), common eel (Anguilla anguilla), twait, shad (Alosa fallax), Black Sea shad (Alosa immaculate, Alosa pontica), Mediterranean killifish, South European toothcarp (Aphanius fasciatus), three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus), spiny seahorse (Hippocampus guttulatus, Hippocampus ramulosus), short-snouted seahorse (Hippocampus hippocampus), Tortonese’s goby (Pomatoschistus tortonesei), green wrasse (Labrus viridis).

CRUSTACEANS The Salmoneus sketi, or Proteus, the Acartia italica copepod, the Badijella jalzici copepod, the Speleophria mestrovi copepod, the Speleohvarella gamulini copepod

BRYOZOANS Hornera lichenoides

CNIDARIANS Black coral (Antipathes dichotoma), Mediterranean black coral (Antipathes mediterranea), black coral (Antipathes subpinnata), star coral (Astroides calycularis), false black coral (Gerardia savaglia).

ECHINODERMS Captain seastar (Asterina panceri), red starfish (Ophidiaster ophidianus), long-spined hatpin sea urchin (Centrostephanus longispinus).

MOLLUSCS Common paddock (Pholas dactylus), date mussel (Lithophaga lithophaga), fan mussel (Atrina pectinata,Atrina fragilis), fan mussel (Pinna nobilis), fan mussel (Pinna rudis, Erosaria spurca), cowry (Luria lurida), pear cowry (Zonaria pyrum), knobbed triton, triton shell (Charonia lampas,Ch. rubicunda, Ch. nodiferum), Triton’s trumpet (Charonia tritonis,Ch. seguenziae), the Ranella olearia sea snail, giant tun (Tonna galea), zoned mitre (Mitra zonata).

SPONGES Encrusting sea sponges (Geodia cydonium Sarcotragus spinosulus), orange sponge (Tethya spp.), red horn sponge (Axinella cannabina), Axinella polypoides, the carnivorous sponge (Asbestopluma hypogea), Aplysina cavernicola, Petrobiona massiliana, Oopsacas minuta.

PLANTS Mediterranean tapeweed (Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile), seagrass (Cymodocea nodosa (Ucria) Asch.), eelgrass (Zostera marina L.), dwarf eelgrass (Zostera noltii).

ALGAE Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskĺl) J. V. Lamouroux, Penicillus capitatus Lamarck, Cystoseira amentacea var. spicata (Ercegovic) G.Iaccone Fucus virsoides J. Agardh, Cystoseira barbata (Stackhouse) C. Agardh, Cystoseira compressa (Esper) Gerloff & Nizamuddin, Cystoseira corniculata (Turner) Zanardini, Cystoseira crinita Duby, Cystoseira crinitophylla Ercegović, Cystoseira spinosa Sauvageau (Cystoseira adriatica Sauvageau), Cystoseira squarrosa De Notaris Cystoseira zosteroides C. Agardh, Sargassum hornschuchii C. Agardh Sargassum vulgare C. Agardh, Laminariaceae Laminaria rodriguezii Bornet, Lithophyllum byssoides (Lamarck) Foslie (Lithophyllum lichenoides), Lithophyllum dentatum (Kützing) Foslie, Lithophyllum tortuosum (Esper) Foslie, Titanoderma trochanter (Bory de Saint-Vincent) Benhissoune, Boudouresque, Perret-Boudouresque & Verlaque (Goniolithon byssoides)

Morski Short-snouted seahorse (Hippocampus hippocampus).Spiny seahorse (Hippocampus guttulatus)Cowry (Lurida Lurida)Mediterranean tapeweed (Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile)Giant tun (Tonna galea)Axinella polypoidesEelgrass (Zostera marina L.)Loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta)False black coralAxinella canabina spongeCystoseira corniculata algaeGreen wrasse (Labrus viridis)Eel (Anguilla anguilla)Date mussel (Lithophaga litophaga)Triton’s trumpet (Charonia tritonis)Fan mussel (Atrina fragilis)Red starfish (Ophidiaster ophidianus)



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